Have a nice outdoor space where you can enjoy good times with family and friends is the desire of almost all who choose to live in a house. Him can not miss a beautiful garden, well treated, without the presence of pests or doenças.Com the arrival of spring is the increase of temperature and photoperiod (day length) and begins the rainy season. These factors directly impact on garden plants, accelerate their growth and make them more lush.
But to enjoy all that spring can offer to its plants in your garden, some care is necessary:
During this period significantly enhances plant growth. Several of these bloom, thereby increasing the requirement for nutrients and necessitating the application of fertilizers.
Application of Calcium (Liming)
It is interesting to be made before the first fertilization of spring is made a haul. The product may be bone meal or flour oyster. Apply to the fullest extent of the garden at a dose of approximately 100 g / m2. After applying watering profusely and after 10-15 days can start fertilizing the garden.
In mineral fertilizer in the soil typically use granular fertilizers or powder. The shape and the location of these fertilizer plants directly influences the result. Let's separate garden plants into three categories:
Trees - We put the mineral fertilizer in the crown projection, a few inches below the soil (2-5 cm). Water is the vehicle that carries the nutrients to the plant roots.
Shrubs - We must put away the fertilizer 10-50 cm stem. This wide variation is a function of the size of the bushes, and the small put the fertilizer closer and put large fertilizers farther.
Linings - We put the fertilizer between the plants evenly, knowing that this distribution is usually broadcasted (manually). After application, water, thereby avoiding the leaves become compost and burn the plants.
Lawn - Making the distribution of fertilizer broadcast following the manufacturer's recommendation fertilizer. After application, water, thereby avoiding the leaves become compost and burn the plants.
Tips: Use Forth Garden for trees, shrubs and ground covers and lawns Forth for lawns. The dosage is specified on the product packaging.
Can be used several products: earthworm humus, manure tanned, castor bean meal, bone meal, compost, among others. This type of fertilizer provides nutrients for plants and assists in structuring soil, with very satisfactory results. To avoid inconvenience and high cost of maintenance, use only products guaranteed to be free of weeds. The amount to be applied varies according to the type of fertilizer chosen.
Late winter and / or early spring is the best time to do the pruning. Pruning stimulates the formation of new shoots and, besides giving a more interesting or desirable plants, branches should also remove diseased or malformed. In gardens, there are basically 3 types of pruning:
Drastic pruning of development: it is done in temperate plants (eg roses, hydrangeas). After the cuts, it is recommended to apply a folder fungicide, usually based on copper, on site cutting, which facilitates the healing process and minimizes the oefeito fungal attack.
Pruning training: makes plants grow stronger and well formed. When you do it, take a look harmonious and symmetrical form the canopy, providing ventilation and light to all parts of the plant. When held in the spring, new shoots appear quickly.
Pruning cleaning: A light pruning should be done regularly, removing dead branches or twigs, dried, or showing malformation. After pruning cleaning, spray it with a fungicide, which significantly reduce the appearance of diseases.
Fighting pests and diseases
With the onset of the rainy season and the temperature rise should be seen more often the emergence of pests and diseases, identifying them and addressing them before they spill over the garden.
Tip: Always have two sprayers, a fungicide (for leaf spot) and another with insecticide (for insects), always ready to use (those can be manual sprayers). Whenever detected some pest or stain just apply and control.
Suggested products: Fungicide - Syrup Bordeaux or copper and Forth Pest (aphids, mites, etc.) - Perfection.
At the entrance of the spring irrigation care are essential in order to avoid the evils that the significant rise in temperature and insolation and irregular rainfall may cause.
For those with automatic irrigation, it is necessary to review the entire system, careful adjustment of the nozzle and replace when necessary, cleaning and lubrication of the entire system. The ideal is to seek a specialized firm. A well made typically reduces maintenance costs with repairs and damage to irrigation system.